Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Mochokidae
(Squeakers or upside-down catfishes) > Mochokinae
Etymology: Synodontis: Greek, syn, symphysis = grown together + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335); manni: Named after Mike Mann, who first reported the presence of this species in the Tana River (Ref. 39831).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical
Africa: Lower Tana River in Kenya.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 21.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 39831)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 11 - 12. Moderately sized species; snout rounded; lips give a distinctive horseshoe-shaped appearance to mouth in ventral view and with prominent lateral lobes; snout long (58.8-68.8%HL), 6-8 long teeth, each tooth curved distally upwards; maxillary barbel with a distinct marginal membrane at base and with well-developed thin tuberculate branches on anterior side; adipose fin well developed and separated from dorsal fin by a distance measuring 16.4-22.3%SL (Ref. 39831). Overall coloration of adult fish light brown with a white belly, caudal fin brownish, young fish brownish with irregular, broad white dendritic streaks on the flanks (Ref. 39831).
Synodontis manni was only found in the main river of the Lower Tana drainage. According to local fishermen it is most abundant in deeper waters of the river where it lives near large logs and stranded trees (Ref. 39831). Oviparous (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous (Ref. 205). Distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
De Vos, L., 2001. Synodontis manni (Teleostei: Mochokidae), a new catfish from the Lower Tana River, Kenya. Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 12(1):41-50. (Ref. 39831)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01349 (0.00593 - 0.03067), b=2.95 (2.77 - 3.13), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.9 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100) .