Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Callionymidae
Etymology: Synchiropus: Greek, syn, symphysis = grown together + Greek, cheir = hand + Greek, pous = foot (Ref. 45335). More on author: Günther.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 80 - 848 m (Ref. 56504). Subtropical; 45°N - 4°S, 32°W - 36°E
Eastern Atlantic: Portugal and the Azores to Gabon, including the Mediterranean.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 18.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5968); 12.0 cm TL (female); common length : 12.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5968); common length :8 cm TL (female)
Depth range from 80-650 m (Ref. 06941) and from 302-848 m in the eastern Ionian Sea (Ref. 56504). Found on sand or mud bottoms. Territorial, males aggressive to each other. Feeds on small bottom invertebrates, mainly worms, snails and crustaceans. Eggs and larvae pelagic (Ref. 5968). Minimum depth reported from Ref. 26999.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Davis, W.P and R. Fricke, 1990. Callionymidae. p. 921-924. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon, SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 6941)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 10.8 - 14.9, mean 13.8 °C (based on 127 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01023 (0.00544 - 0.01925), b=2.71 (2.55 - 2.87), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.45 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .