Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Squaliformes
(Sleeper and dogfish sharks) > Squalidae
Etymology: Squalus: Genus name from Latin 'squalus' meaning shark (Ref. 6885, 27436); grahami: Named for Ken Graham, a prominent ichthyologist of NSW Dept. of Primary Industries, Cronulla. More on authors: White, Last & Stevens.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-oceanic; depth range 148 - 504 m (Ref. 58442), usually 220 - 450 m (Ref. 58442). Tropical
Western Pacific: Australia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 60.2 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 58442); 71.1 cm TL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
This species is a moderate-sized one of the ‘mitsukurii group’ with the following set of characters: very elongate body, depth 10.1-12.6% TL; narrow, moderately long snout, preoral length 2.38-2.53 times its horizontal prenarial length, 10.5-11.3% TL, mouth width 1.54-1.77 (1.66) times its horizontal prenarial length; pre-first dorsal length is 28.9-31.3 (30.0)% TL; pre-second dorsal length is 60.2-62.7 (61.2)% TL; interdorsal space is 22.3-24.7 (23.8)% TL; dorsal fins are small, raked, first dorsal-fin height 6.3-7.2% TL; first dorsal-fin spine short and weak; second dorsal-fin spine slender with moderately broad base; prepectoral length 21.7-23.6 (22.4)% TL; pelvic-caudal space 24.0-26.5 (25.4)% TL; pectoral fin of adults slightly falcate; pectoral-fin inner margin relatively short, 7.1-7.8% TL; caudal bar almost upright, extending narrowly from the caudal fork up the posterior margin of the upper lobe for usually about 0.4 (rarely to 0.6) of its length in immature individuals, upper caudal fringe narrow, sometimes with a narrow central blotch on upper lobe; flank denticles are weakly tricuspidate; monospondylous centra 37-42, precaudal centra 80-87, total centra 105-116 (Ref. 58442).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).
White, W.T., P.R. Last and J.D. Stevens, 2007. Two new species of Squalus of the 'mitsukurii group' from the Indo-Pacific. pp. 71-81. In P.R. Last, W.T. White and J.J. Pogonoski Descriptions of new dogfishes of the genus Squalus (Squaloidea: Squalidae). CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper No. 014. 130 pp. (Ref. 58442)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 12.4 - 18.9, mean 15.6 °C (based on 46 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00339 (0.00157 - 0.00730), b=3.09 (2.92 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (66 of 100) .