Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Lophiiformes
(Anglerfishes) > Oneirodidae
Etymology: Spiniphryne: Latin, 'spina' or ' spinula' = thorn or spine + Greek, 'phryne' = toad (suggesting a "spiny toad") (Ref. 86949).
More on author: Beebe.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range ? - 1955 m (Ref. 58426), usually 1950 - ? m. Deep-water; 66°N - 12°S, 75°W - 131°E
Atlantic Ocean: three records known from the eastern central Atlantic; one record from the western Atlantic.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.5 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 4 - 6. Distinguishing characteristics: esca with 2 bulbous, narrowly based, distal appendages, anterior-most appendage approximately two-thirds to one-half length of posterior most, each covered with small digitiform papillae and clusters of tiny filaments around base; absence of bulbous distal prolongation; large, anteroposteriorly compressed, posterior escal appendage, divided along its distal margin into 3 or more lobes or several to many slender filaments; absence of posterolateral filaments; total number of teeth in upper jaw 21-42, lower jaw with 25-45 teeth; vomerine teeth 4-8; length of illicium 7.8-13.3% SL; head length 25.7-31.8; head width 14.5-19.7; head depth 26.2-32.7; length of premaxilla 17.6-21.6; length of lower jaw 21.8-31.0 (Ref. 86949).
Bathypelagic; feeds on fishes and crustaceans (Ref. 58426).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Bertelsen, E., 1990. Oneirodidae. p. 498-507. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post, and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 10524)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 2.2 - 3.3, mean 2.4 °C (based on 41 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.00906 - 0.04395), b=3.01 (2.83 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.60 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).