Squatina mapama, Small-crested angelshark

Squatina mapama Long, Ebert, Tavera, Acero P. & Robertson, 2021

Small-crested angelshark
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drawing shows typical species in Squatinidae.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Squatiniformes (Angel sharks) > Squatinidae (Angel sharks)
Etymology: Squatina: Latin for skate, which angel sharks superficially resemble, presumably tautonymous with Squalus squatina Linnaeus 1758 (no species mentioned). (See ETYFish);  mapama: Named for the Ministerio de Agricultura y Pesca, Alimentación y Medio Ambiente, MAPAMA, which is the Spanish governmental organization that operates the R/V Miguel Oliver that facilitated the capture of this angelshark, and other new species of deepwater fishes on both sides of the Central American isthmus..

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; demersal; depth range 1190 - 1259 m (Ref. 125651). Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Westen Central Atlantic: Panama.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 125651)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Vertebrae: 137. This species is distinguished by the following set of characters: with a single row of slightly enlarged dermal denticles along the dorsal midline extending between level just anterior of posterior insertion of pelvic fins and anterior base of first dorsal fin and continuing rearwards along dorsal ridge of tail between first and second dorsal fins; a few large denticles on top of the head; nasal flap squared with a fine fringe on ventral edge; two short lateral barbels bluntly rounded also with a fine fringed margin; males with a dorsal color pattern of small, scattered, dark spots distributed over a uniform light-brown background; pectoral-fin span 52.0-58.1% TL; pelvic-fin span 30.7-31.0 % TL; pre-pectoral-fin length 19.4-19.8% TL; trunk width 18.1-19.5% TL; head length 16.5-17.5% TL; spiracle length 2.2-2.3% TL; eye-to-spiracle length 2.2-5.0 % TL; mouth width 10.5-12.1% TL; nostril width 1.6-2.3% TL; snout-to-pectoral distance 19.4-19.8%; spiracle width 2.2-2.3% TL; pectoral-fin inner margins 17.5-18.3% (Ref. 125651).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Compagno, Leonard J.V. | Collaborators

Long, D.J., D.A. Ebert, J. Tavera, A. Acero P. and D.R. Robertson, 2021. Squatina mapama n. sp., a new cryptic species of angel shark (Elasmobranchii: Squatinidae) from the southwestern Caribbean Sea. J. Ocean Sci. Found. 38,113-130. (Ref. 125651)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)


CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

More information

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Internet sources

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: genus, species | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Go, Search | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = No PD50 data   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.8   ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100).