Sarotherodon lamprechti : fisheries

Sarotherodon lamprechti Neumann, Stiassny & Schliewen, 2011

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分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Cichliformes (Cichlids, convict blennies) 鱸形目 (Cichlids, convict blennies) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) 慈鯛科魚類 (Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Sarotherodon: Greek, saros, -ou = sawdust + Greek, ther = animal * Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335);  lamprechti: Named for Jürg Lamprecht (1941–2000), who worked for his PhD on haplotilapiine cichlids, and who supported UKS as a mentor, teacher and friend at the Max-Planck-Institut (Seewiesen), and DN as a teacher (Ref. 86429).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 淡水 大洋性. ; 6°N - 5°N, 8°E - 9°E

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Africa: Lake Ejagham in Cameroon (Ref. 86429).

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.5 cm SL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 86429)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 15 - 16; 背的軟條 (總數): 12-14; 臀棘 3; 臀鰭軟條: 10 - 12. Diagnosis: Sarotherodon lamprechti is distinguished from all congeners by a lack of scales over the pectoral-fin base (Ref. 86429). Further distinguished from its sympatric sibling species, S. knauerae, and other S. galilaeus populations, by a combination of a prognathous lower jaw and an elongate ventral keel on the lower pharyngeal jaw; it also differs from the sympatric S. knauerae in a lower gill raker number, 20–25 vs. 24–30; longer pelvic fins reaching to or beyond first anal fin-spine, vs. not reaching beyond anus; from S. knauerae and other S. galilaeus populations and subspecies by long pectorals reaching the last anal fin-spine, vs. ending either in front of or at first anal fin-spine; upper lip large and prominent, upper lip length 22.5–28.4% of head length vs. 19.1– 25.4% in S. knauerae, 19.3–23.6% in neighbouring riverine S. galilaeus, 18.9–24.2% in S. g. borkuanus and 6.9–12.3% in S. g. multifasciatus; it differs from S. g. sanagaensis in lower preorbital depth, 16.3–25.2% of standard length vs. 25.0–27.8%; and from S. g. boulengeri in lower body depth, 36.3–40.4% of standard length vs. 44.5–50.0% (Ref. 86429). Finally it differs from phenotypically similar S. caroli and S. linnellii in lower gill raker number, 20–25 vs. 18–20 and 15–18; and from other Barombi Mbo Sarotherodon in higher number of dorsal fin-rays, 13–15 vs. 10–12 (Ref. 86429).

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

A pelagic phytoplanctivore found in Lake Ejagham; common in large swarms in open water, or on the lake bottom in deeper zones during the main breeding season (Ref. 86429). Nuptial males excavate shallow pits with narrow rims over sand, which serve as courtship territories and spawning sites; bower diameter ranges from 16-47 cm; larger bowers appear to be more common in deeper sandy areas, 3-9 m deep, where the majority of bowers are concentrated often in close proximity; neighbouring males often engage in agonistic interactions between bowers; only rarely, and only in shallow water less than 3 m deep, males in full nuptial colouration can be observed without bowers, but over natural depressions above fallen trees or flat stones (Ref. 86429). This species is a female mouth-brooder (Ref. 86429). pelagic phytoplanctivore found in open water or on lake bottom in deeper zones; nuptial males excavate shallow pits with narrow rims over sand which serve as courtship territories and spawning sites; neighbouring males often engage in agonistic interactions between bowers; female mouth-brooder; reproduction takes place in the rainy season (August/September) (Ref. 86429).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

Nuptial males excavate shallow pits with narrow rims over sand, which serve as courtship territories and spawning sites; bower diameter ranges from 16-47 cm; larger bowers appear to be more common in deeper sandy areas, 3-9 m deep, where the majority of bowers are concentrated often in close proximity; neighbouring males often engage in agonistic interactions between bowers; only rarely, and only in shallow water less than 3 m deep, males in full nuptial colouration can be observed without bowers, but over natural depressions above fallen trees or flat stones (Ref. 86429). This species is a female mouth-brooder (Ref. 86429).

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 : Kullander, Sven O. | 合作者

Neumann, D., M.L.J. Stiassny and U.K. Schliewen, 2011. Two new sympatric Sarotherodon species (Pisces: Cichlidae) endemic to Lake Ejagham, Cameroon, west-central Africa, with comments on the Sarotherodon galilaeus species complex. Zootaxa 2765:1-20 (Ref. 86429)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 125652)

  未評估 

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.5001   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01905 (0.00846 - 0.04293), b=3.01 (2.82 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  2.4   ±0.1 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100).