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Squalus bucephalus Last, Séret & Pogonoski, 2007

Bighead spurdog
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Squalus bucephalus
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Classificatie / Names Lokale namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes(Genus, Soort(en)) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (haaien en roggen) (sharks and rays) > Squaliformes (Sleeper and dogfish sharks) > Squalidae (Dogfish sharks)
Etymology: Squalus: Genus name from Latin 'squalus' meaning shark (Ref. 6885, 27436);  bucephalus: Name from Latin 'bu; meaning large and from Greek 'kephalis' = of the head, referring to its relatively bulky head..
More on authors: Last, Séret & Pogonoski.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

marien; diepte 448 - 880 m (Ref. 58438). Tropical

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystemen | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

Western Pacific: northern Tasman Sea on Norfolk Ridge (Stylaster Seamount), and off New Caledonia.

Grootte / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 90.0 cm TL mannelijk / geslacht onbekend; (Ref. 58438)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

This large, broad-headed species of the 'megalops-cubensis group' is distinguished by the following set of characters: head width at mouth 12.1-13.5% TL; mouth width 2.2-2.7 times its horizontal prenarial length; direct pre-second dorsal length 3.9-4.0 times the pectoral-fin anterior margin, 2.7 times dorsal caudal margin; preoral length 2.7-3.1 times the horizontal prenarial length, 9.2-10.5% TL; strongly bifurcated anterior nasal flap; low and raked first dorsal fin; exposed bases of dorsal-fin spines are broad, 0.7-0.8% TL; both dorsal fins with short inner margins, first dorsal-fin height 1.4-1.5 times its inner margin length, second dorsal-fin height 0.8-1.0 times its inner margin length; pectoral-fin anterior margin 1.8-2.0 times its inner margin length; preventral caudal margin 1.8-2.2 times the inner margin of pelvic fin; dorsal fins with dark distal portion, posterior margin of free rear tip pale; caudal fin upper posterior margin broadly white, lower lobe with dark base and pale outer half, no caudal bar; flank denticles unicuspid or weakly tricuspid; monospondylous centra 45, precaudal centra 86-89, total centra 113-118 (Ref. 58438).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (bv. epibenthic)

Levenscyclus en paargedrag Maturiteit | Voortplanting | Paaien | Eieren | Fecunditeit | Larven

Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).

Hoofdreferentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator : Compagno, Leonard J.V. | Medewerkers

Last, P.R., B. Séret and J.J. Pogonoski, 2007. Squalus bucephalus sp. Nov., a new short-snout spurdog from New Caledonia. p. 23-29. In P.R. Last, W.T. White and J.J. Pogonoski Descriptions of new dogfishes of the genus Squalus (Squaloidea: Squalidae). CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper No. 014. 130 p. (Ref. 58438)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 125652)

  Onvoldoende gegevens (DD) ; Date assessed: 20 June 2017

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaar voor de mens

  Harmless





Gebruik door de mens

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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Estimates based on models

Fylogenetische diversiteitsindex (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00339 (0.00161 - 0.00714), b=3.09 (2.92 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trofisch niveau (Ref. 69278):  4.4   ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  Zeer laag, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd meer dan 14 jaar (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (56 of 100).