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Paracirrhites forsteri (Schneider, 1801)

Blackside hawkfish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Paracirrhites forsteri   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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> Centrarchiformes (Basses) > Cirrhitidae (Hawkfishes)
Etymology: Paracirrhites: Greek, para = the side of + Latin, cirrus = curl (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Schneider.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

marien rifbewoner; diepte 1 - 35 m (Ref. 37816), usually 5 - 35 m (Ref. 27115). Tropical; 24°C - 27°C (Ref. 27115); 35°N - 36°S, 28°E - 124°W

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Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa (Ref. 5469) to the Hawaiian, Line, Marquesan and Ducie islands, north to southern Japan, south to New Caledonia and the Austral Islands. Unknown from the Persian and Oman gulfs (Ref. 11441).

Grootte / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 22.0 cm TL mannelijk / geslacht onbekend; (Ref. 30573); common length : 18.0 cm TL mannelijk / geslacht onbekend; (Ref. 30573)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 10; Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 11; Anale stekels 3; Anale zachte stralen: 6. Body yellowish with broad blackish stripe on upper side; head and anterior part of body with small dark reddish spots (Ref. 5469).Color changes with growth as well as varies among adults (Ref. 37816). In Oceania, juveniles are a golden green dorsally and white ventrally; in continental areas juveniles may be red dorsally (Ref. 37816). The maroon and yellow phase was originally described as a distinct species, P. typee (Ref. 37816).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (bv. epibenthic)

Inhabits clear lagoon or seaward reefs to at least 33 m depth (Ref. 9710), but may venture very deep. Occurs openly on coral and soft-bottom habitats, occasionally in pairs (Ref. 48636). Benthic (Ref. 58302). Tends to perch on outermost branches of Stylophora, Pocillopora, and Acropora corals (Ref. 9710). Feeds mainly on small fishes and crustaceans, sometimes on shrimps and is territorial and haremic (Ref. 37816). Solitary on corals (Ref 90102). Marketed mostly fresh.

Levenscyclus en paargedrag Maturiteit | Voortplanting | Paaien | Eieren | Fecunditeit | Larven

Distinct pairing. Spawning ascents into the water column occurred over a distance of 1.0 to 2.5 m (Ref. 26305).

Hoofdreferentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator | Medewerkers

Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen and R.C. Steene, 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 506 p. (Ref. 2334)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 125652)

  Niet bedreigd (LC) ; Date assessed: 03 March 2015

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaar voor de mens

  Harmless





Gebruik door de mens

Visserij: van minder commercieel belang; Aquarium: Commercieel
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201): 24.5 - 28.8, mean 27.5 °C (based on 856 cells).
Fylogenetische diversiteitsindex (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.5156   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00871 (0.00439 - 0.01729), b=3.10 (2.92 - 3.28), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trofisch niveau (Ref. 69278):  4.3   ±0.76 se; based on food items.
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (12 of 100).
Prijsklasse (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 63.2 [37.9, 117.9] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.705 [0.398, 1.093] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.4 [18.4, 20.4] % ; Omega3 = 0.186 [0.121, 0.283] g/100g ; Selenium = 30.3 [16.2, 61.0] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 213 [85, 488] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.11 [0.78, 1.57] mg/100g (wet weight);