Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; acqua dolce demersale. Temperate
Europe: British Isles in Loughs Melvin, Erne, Corrib, and Mask (Ireland), Lochs Awe, Laggan and others (Scotland), apparently also Lakes Ullswater and Bassenthwaite (Cubmria) and Llyns Padarn and Peris (Wales).
Size / Peso / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 80.0 cm SL maschio/sesso non determinato; (Ref. 59043); Età massima riportata: 23 anni (Ref. 59043)
Morfologia | Morfometria
Distinguished from its congeners in British Isles by its unique body depth about 4.6-5.0 times in SL. Differs further by the combination of the following characters: body brown to silvery, black spots small (equal to or smaller than pupil), few or absent; large size; and maxilla reaching beyond posterior margin of eye (Ref. 59043).
Inhabits large oligotrophic lakes. In Scotland, this species occurs usually in lakes inhabited by Salvelinus species on which it preys. Feeds on fishes and a variety of insects. In Scotland, preys on invertebrates until about 30 cm SL, then becomes piscivorous, feeding mostly on Salvelinus species. Spawns only in the larger and deeper tributaries (Ref. 59043).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturità | Riproduzione | Deposizione | Uova | Fecundity | Larve
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Age/SizeAccrescimentoLength-weightLength-lengthLength-frequenciesMorfometriaMorfologiaLarveDinamica popolazioni larvaliReclutamentoAbbondanzaBRUVS
BibliografiaAcquacolturaProfilo di acquacolturaVarietàGeneticaFrequenze allelicheEreditarietàMalattieElaborazioneNutrientsMass conversion
CollaboratoriImmaginiStamps, Coins Misc.SuoniCiguateraVelocitàModalità di nuotoArea branchialeOtolithsCervelliVista
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01072 (0.00504 - 0.02277), b=3.03 (2.86 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.58 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 8.4 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilienza (Ref. 120179
): Basso, tempo minimo di raddoppiamento della popolazione 4.5 - 14 anni (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (61 of 100).