分類 / Names
共通名の | 類義語 | Catalog of Fishes(部類, 種) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
(Cods) > Gadidae
(Cods and haddocks)
Etymology: Trisopterus: Greek, tris = thrice + Greek, pteron = wing, fin (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Linnaeus.
The species has been long thought to be present in the Mediteranean in sympatry with Trisopterus capelanus, sometimes both as subspecies. See Delling et al. (2011: Ref. 90172) for the latest revision of the genus.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
海 底生の漂泳性; 移住性ではない; 深さの範囲 1 - 440 m (Ref. 57178), usually 15 - 200 m. Temperate; 66°N - 28°N, 13°W - 36°E
Northeastern Atlantic: Trondheim Fjord and the Faeroe Islands to Portugal and along the Atlantic coast of Morocco (Ref. 1371). Not present in the Mediterranean (Ref. 90172).
Length at first maturity / サイズ / 重さ / 年齢
Maturity: Lm 13.3, range 10 - 26 cm
Max length : 40.0 cm TL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 1371); common length : 20.0 cm TL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 4645); 最大記録サイズ: 5 年 (Ref. 72488)
背面の脊椎 (合計): 0; 肛門の骨 0. Chin barbel well developed. Body brownish yellow dorsally, becoming paler ventrally; a dark blotch is at the base of the pectoral fin.
Occurs mostly from 15 to 200 m in the Atlantic on muddy or sandy bottoms. Feeds on crustaceans, small fish, and polychaetes (Ref. 1371). Used in the production of fish meal, and in southern Europe as a human food (Ref. 35388).
Life cycle and mating behavior
成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | 卵 | 生産力 | 幼生
Oviparous, sexes are separate (Ref. 205).
Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba, 1990. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(10). Rome: FAO. 442 p. (Ref. 1371)
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 7.2 - 13, mean 10 °C (based on 1312 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00724 (0.00646 - 0.00813), b=3.11 (3.07 - 3.15), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.2 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 2.7 (2.2 - 4.2) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 10 growth studies.
回復力 (Ref. 120179
): 手段, １．４年～４．４年の倍増期間の最小個体群 (K=0.18; tm=1; tmax=6).
Prior r = 0.57, 95% CL = 0.37 - 0.85, Based on 5 stock assessments.
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (37 of 100).
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): Low vulnerability (7 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 90.2 [22.9, 274.5] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.582 [0.164, 2.804] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.6 [16.3, 20.4] % ; Omega3 = 0.584 [0.305, 1.119] g/100g ; Selenium = 19 [10, 37] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 12.8 [3.6, 45.5] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.26 [0.36, 3.13] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.