Arripis georgiana, Australian herring : fisheries, gamefish
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Arripis georgiana (Valenciennes, 1831)

Australian herring
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Arripis georgiana
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Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes(Gattung, Arten) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Scombriformes (Mackerels) > Arripidae (Australian salmon)
Etymology: Arripis: Latin, arripio, arripere = to take something suddenly.
More on author: Valenciennes.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; seewasser; brackwasser; tiefenbereich 1 - ? m (Ref. 6390). Temperate; 26°S - 39°S, 112°E - 150°E

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Eastern Indian Ocean: endemic to the southern coasts of Australia.

Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 41.0 cm FL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 27296); max. veröff. Gewicht: 800.00 g (Ref. 27296); max. veröff. Alter: 7 Jahre (Ref. 27652)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Rückenflossenstacheln (insgesamt): 9; Rückenflossenweichstrahlen (insgesamt): 16; Afterflossenstacheln 3; Afterflossenweichstrahlen: 10; Wirbelzahl: 25. Large eyes, diameter of which about one fifth of the head length. Body scales are slightly rough to touch. Body coloration: green above and silvery below with vertical rows of golden spots on the upper sides, tips of the caudal fin are black. Juveniles have dark golden bars on their sides (Ref. 6390). Length of upper lobe of caudal fin < 29.9% SL (Ref. 9701).

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Usually found inshore in bays and estuaries over seagrass beds or near areas of seaweed (e.g. kelp), on rocky reefs, and along ocean beaches. Juveniles are found in inshore coastal waters, bays and inlets (Ref. 6390). Feed on small fish and prawns (Ref. 27946).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Both small, undeveloped ova (eggs) and larger ripe ova are present in the ovary at the same time. This phenomenon suggests that these species are either partial spawners (i.e. only some of the ova are spawned each time) or that the small ova remain in the ovary after spawning and are resorbed (Ref. 27945).

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator | Partner

Kailola, P.J., M.J. Williams, P.C. Stewart, R.E. Reichelt, A. McNee and C. Grieve, 1993. Australian fisheries resources. Bureau of Resource Sciences, Canberra, Australia. 422 p. (Ref. 6390)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 125652)


CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Harmless





Nutzung durch Menschen

Fischereien: kommerziell; Sportfisch: ja
FAO - Fischereien: landings; Publication: search | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Internet Quellen

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | FishWatcher Einträge suchen | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Gattung, Arten | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Fischereien: landings; Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: Genom, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Gehe zu, Suchen | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 15.2 - 20.5, mean 17.4 °C (based on 92 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.6250   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00977 (0.00359 - 0.02661), b=3.01 (2.78 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  4.3   ±0.76 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 1.3 (1.1 - 1.9) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 10 growth studies.
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 120179):  mittel, Verdopplung der Population dauert 1,4 - 4,4 Jahre. (K=0.8-1; tm=2-4; tmax=7; Fec=190,000).
Prior r = 0.70, 95% CL = 0.46 - 1.05, Based on 3 stock assessments.
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (22 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):  Very high vulnerability (94 of 100) .
Preiskategorie (Ref. 80766):   Very high.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 62.4 [27.7, 119.0] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.774 [0.394, 1.622] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.1 [16.6, 21.4] % ; Omega3 = 1.65 [0.71, 4.08] g/100g ; Selenium = 15.1 [5.0, 37.7] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 16.3 [4.1, 63.9] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.714 [0.476, 1.117] mg/100g (wet weight);