Arripis georgiana, Australian herring : fisheries, gamefish
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Arripis georgiana (Valenciennes, 1831)

Australian herring
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分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Scombriformes (Mackerels) 鱸形目 (Mackerels) > Arripidae (Australian salmon) 澳洲鮭鱸科 (Australian salmon)
Etymology: Arripis: Latin, arripio, arripere = to take something suddenly.
More on author: Valenciennes.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋; 半鹹淡水; 深度上下限 1 - ? m (Ref. 6390). 溫帶; 26°S - 39°S, 112°E - 150°E

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Eastern Indian Ocean: endemic to the southern coasts of Australia.
東印度洋: 澳洲南部海岸的特有種。

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 41.0 cm FL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 27296); 最大體重: 800.00 g (Ref. 27296); 最大年齡: 7 年 (Ref. 27652)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 9; 背的軟條 (總數): 16; 臀棘 3; 臀鰭軟條: 10; 脊椎骨: 25. Large eyes, diameter of which about one fifth of the head length. Body scales are slightly rough to touch. Body coloration: green above and silvery below with vertical rows of golden spots on the upper sides, tips of the caudal fin are black. Juveniles have dark golden bars on their sides (Ref. 6390). Length of upper lobe of caudal fin < 29.9% SL (Ref. 9701).
大的眼, 直徑那一個大約五分之一的頭長。 身體鱗片些微地粗糙接觸。 身體顏色: 綠色的上方與下面銀色的具有在上側面上的呈縱向列的金斑點,尾鰭的頂端是黑色的。 稚魚在他們的身邊上有黑的金橫帶。 (參考文獻 6390) 尾鰭上葉的長度 <29.9% SL.(參考文獻 9701)

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Usually found inshore in bays and estuaries over seagrass beds or near areas of seaweed (e.g. kelp), on rocky reefs, and along ocean beaches. Juveniles are found in inshore coastal waters, bays and inlets (Ref. 6390). Feed on small fish and prawns (Ref. 27946).

在岩礁上,在海草床上的海灣與河口中或者在海草 (例如海藻) 的區域的附近通常發現於沿海地區, 而且沿著海洋海灘。 稚魚被發現於近海沿岸水域,灣內。 (參考文獻 6390) 捕食小魚與蝦。 (參考文獻 27946)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

Both small, undeveloped ova (eggs) and larger ripe ova are present in the ovary at the same time. This phenomenon suggests that these species are either partial spawners (i.e. only some of the ova are spawned each time) or that the small ova remain in the ovary after spawning and are resorbed (Ref. 27945).東印度洋: 澳洲南部海岸的特有種。

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 | 合作者

Kailola, P.J., M.J. Williams, P.C. Stewart, R.E. Reichelt, A. McNee and C. Grieve, 1993. Australian fisheries resources. Bureau of Resource Sciences, Canberra, Australia. 422 p. (Ref. 6390)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 125652)

  未評估 

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  無害處的





人類使用

漁業: 商業性; 游釣魚種: 是的
FAO - 漁業: landings; Publication: search | FishSource | 周邊海洋

更多資訊

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Stocks
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食物消耗量
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俗名
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生態毒物學
繁殖
成熟度
產卵場
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孕卵數

卵發育
年龄/大小
成長
長度-重量
長度-長度
長度-頻率
形態測量圖
型態特徵
仔魚
稚魚動力學
入添量
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參考文獻
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養殖資訊
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Otoliths
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眼睛色素

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網路資源

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | 檢查 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: , | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - 漁業: landings; Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: 基因組, 核甘 | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 樹狀分類階層 | Wikipedia: , 搜尋 | World Records Freshwater Fishing | 動物學的記錄

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 15.2 - 20.5, mean 17.4 °C (based on 92 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.6250   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00977 (0.00359 - 0.02661), b=3.01 (2.78 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  4.3   ±0.76 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 1.3 (1.1 - 1.9) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 10 growth studies.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增時間最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (K=0.8-1; tm=2-4; tmax=7; Fec=190,000).
Prior r = 0.70, 95% CL = 0.46 - 1.05, Based on 3 stock assessments.
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (22 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):  Very high vulnerability (94 of 100) .
價格種類 (Ref. 80766):   Very high.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 62.4 [27.7, 119.0] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.774 [0.394, 1.622] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.1 [16.6, 21.4] % ; Omega3 = 1.65 [0.71, 4.08] g/100g ; Selenium = 15.1 [5.0, 37.7] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 16.3 [4.1, 63.9] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.714 [0.476, 1.117] mg/100g (wet weight);