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Anarrhichthys ocellatus Ayres, 1855

Wolf-eel
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Anarrhichthys ocellatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Anarrhichthys ocellatus (Wolf-eel)
Anarrhichthys ocellatus
Picture by DeCloux, R.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Perciformes/Zoarcoidei (Eelpouts and pricklebacks) > Anarhichadidae (Wolffishes)
Etymology: Anarrhichthys: Greek, anarhichaomai = to climb up + Greek, ichthys = fish;  ocellatus: ocellatus for the eye-like spots..
More on author: Ayres.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

海洋 居于水底的; 深度上下限 1 - 226 m (Ref. 2850). 溫帶; 80°N - 26°N, 117°E - 111°W (Ref. 57366)

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

North Pacific: Sea of Okhotsk and the Sea of Japan to the Krenitzen Islands, in the Aleutian chain and Imperial Beach, southern California, USA.
北太平洋: 鄂霍次克海與日本海到 Krenitzen 島, 在 Aleutian 鏈與帝王的海灘,美國的南加州。

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 240 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 4925); 最大体重: 18.4 kg (Ref. 27436)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

臀棘 0; 臀鳍软条: 200. Dorsal with 228-250 spines. Caudal small. Anal with up to 233 rays.
背部有 228-250根棘。 尾部的小。 臀鳍有向上到 233个鳍条。

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Adults seek shelter among rocks in subtidal areas (Ref. 2850) and will occupy the same shelter until driven out by larger wolf-eels or a large octopus (Ref. 28499). Juveniles are pelagic for up to two years (Ref. 28499). Feed on hard-shelled invertebrates and fishes (Ref. 2850). Both male and female wrap their body around the egg mass to keep the eggs in place and to deter predators (Ref. 58332). Large specimens can inflict a painful bite (Ref. 28499). Its flesh is tasty (Ref. 28499).

成鱼在亚潮带区 (参考文献 2850) 中寻找在岩石之中的庇护所而且将直到被较大的狼鳗或一个大的章鱼逐出占领相同的庇护所。 (参考文献 28499) 稚鱼是大洋性的超过二年。 (参考文献 28499) 吃具有硬壳的无脊椎动物与鱼类。 (参考文献 2850) 大的标本能施放令人痛苦的咬。 (参考文献 28499) 它的肉是好吃的。 (参考文献 28499)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

When courting, the male wolf-eel butts his head against the female's abdomen, wraps around her, and fertilizes her eggs as she extrudes them. Eggs are laid and both male and female wrap themselves around the egg mass to protect it . Only one parent at a time leaves the eggs to feed. The female periodically rotates the eggs until they hatch. A male and female may pair for life (Ref. 28499).北太平洋: 鄂霍次克海與日本海到 Krenitzen 島, 在 Aleutian 鏈與帝王的海灘,美國的南加州。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. (Ref. 2850)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 125652)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 14 December 2020

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  引起创伤的 (Ref. 2850)





人类利用

渔业: 低经济; 水族馆: 公众的水族馆
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

更多信息

国家
FAO区域
生态系
标本纪录
简介
Stocks
生态学
食性
食物相
食物消耗量
定量
俗名
同种异名
新陈代谢
捕食者
生态毒物学
繁殖
成熟度
产卵场
产卵群集
孕卵数

卵的发育
年龄范围
成长
体长-体重
体长-体长
体长-频率
形态测量图
型态特徵
仔鱼
稚鱼动力学
入添量
丰度
BRUVS
参考文献
养殖
养殖信息
品种
遗传学
基因序列
遗传率
疾病
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Nutrients
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合作者
照片
Stamps, Coins Misc.
声音
神经毒
速度
泳型
鳃区
Otoliths
脑重体重比
眼睛色素

工具

特别资料

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网络资源

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: , | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: 基因组, 核苷酸 | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | 公众的水族馆 | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia: 转至, 搜寻 | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | 动物学的记录

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201): 1.2 - 10.5, mean 4.7 °C (based on 485 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 1.0312   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00398 (0.00177 - 0.00897), b=3.17 (2.96 - 3.38), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.53 se; based on food items.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  低的, 最小族群倍增时间4.5 - 14 年 (tm=7; Fec=10,000).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (85 of 100).
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 13.3 [6.7, 27.4] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.177 [0.105, 0.327] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.2 [16.2, 20.2] % ; Omega3 = 0.32 [0.19, 0.55] g/100g ; Selenium = 33.4 [16.5, 72.0] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 5.09 [1.81, 13.64] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.393 [0.258, 0.642] mg/100g (wet weight);