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Anarrhichthys ocellatus Ayres, 1855

Wolf-eel
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Anarrhichthys ocellatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Anarrhichthys ocellatus (Wolf-eel)
Anarrhichthys ocellatus
Picture by DeCloux, R.

Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes(Gattung, Arten) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Perciformes/Zoarcoidei (Eelpouts and pricklebacks) > Anarhichadidae (Wolffishes)
Etymology: Anarrhichthys: Greek, anarhichaomai = to climb up + Greek, ichthys = fish;  ocellatus: ocellatus for the eye-like spots..
More on author: Ayres.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

seewasser demersal; tiefenbereich 1 - 226 m (Ref. 2850). Temperate; 80°N - 26°N, 117°E - 111°W (Ref. 57366)

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

North Pacific: Sea of Okhotsk and the Sea of Japan to the Krenitzen Islands, in the Aleutian chain and Imperial Beach, southern California, USA.

Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 240 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 4925); max. veröff. Gewicht: 18.4 kg (Ref. 27436)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Afterflossenstacheln 0; Afterflossenweichstrahlen: 200. Dorsal with 228-250 spines. Caudal small. Anal with up to 233 rays.

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Adults seek shelter among rocks in subtidal areas (Ref. 2850) and will occupy the same shelter until driven out by larger wolf-eels or a large octopus (Ref. 28499). Juveniles are pelagic for up to two years (Ref. 28499). Feed on hard-shelled invertebrates and fishes (Ref. 2850). Both male and female wrap their body around the egg mass to keep the eggs in place and to deter predators (Ref. 58332). Large specimens can inflict a painful bite (Ref. 28499). Its flesh is tasty (Ref. 28499).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

When courting, the male wolf-eel butts his head against the female's abdomen, wraps around her, and fertilizes her eggs as she extrudes them. Eggs are laid and both male and female wrap themselves around the egg mass to protect it . Only one parent at a time leaves the eggs to feed. The female periodically rotates the eggs until they hatch. A male and female may pair for life (Ref. 28499).

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator | Partner

Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. (Ref. 2850)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 125652)

  nicht bedroht (LC) ; Date assessed: 14 December 2020

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Traumatogenic (Ref. 2850)





Nutzung durch Menschen

Fischereien: weniger kommerziell; Aquarium: Öffentliche Aquarien
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Internet Quellen

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | FishWatcher Einträge suchen | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Gattung, Arten | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: Genom, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Öffentliche Aquarien | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Gehe zu, Suchen | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201): 1.2 - 10.5, mean 4.7 °C (based on 485 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 1.0312   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00398 (0.00177 - 0.00897), b=3.17 (2.96 - 3.38), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.53 se; based on food items.
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 120179):  niedrig, Verdopplung der Population dauert 4,5 - 14 Jahre. (tm=7; Fec=10,000).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (85 of 100).
Preiskategorie (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 13.3 [6.7, 27.4] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.177 [0.105, 0.327] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.2 [16.2, 20.2] % ; Omega3 = 0.32 [0.19, 0.55] g/100g ; Selenium = 33.4 [16.5, 72.0] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 5.09 [1.81, 13.64] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.393 [0.258, 0.642] mg/100g (wet weight);