Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical
Asia: Terengganu and Johor, Malaysia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 13770)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 6 - 7;
Vertebrae: 51 - 55. Peculiar color pattern, usually consisting of a white ventral half and a black dorsal half, seldom with 8-11 saddles. Additional useful characters are the small eye (ca. 1.0% SL, 7% HL), the lower lip interrupted medially, each half triangular with only a shallow median lobe (versus well developed in other species), not ending into a barbel-like pointed tip.
Facultative air-breathing in the genus (Ref. 126274); Inhabits shallow, black or brown water swamps in open areas.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M. and K.K.P. Lim, 1993. A review of the eel-loaches of the genus Pangio (Teleostei: Cobitidae) from the Malay Peninsula, with descriptions of six new species. Raffles Bull. Zool. 41(2):208-210. (Ref. 13770)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00501 (0.00233 - 0.01079), b=3.07 (2.89 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).