Atherina boyeri, Big-scale sand smelt : fisheries

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Atherina boyeri Risso, 1810

Big-scale sand smelt
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Atherina boyeri   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Atherina boyeri (Big-scale sand smelt)
Atherina boyeri
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Classificatie / Names Lokale namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes(Genus, Soort(en)) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Atheriniformes (Silversides) > Atherinidae (Silversides) > Atherininae
Etymology: Atherina: Greek, atherina, the Greek name for the eperlane; 1770 (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Risso.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

marien; zoet water; brak water demersaal; amfidroom (Ref. 59043); diepte 1 - ? m. Subtropical; 53°N - 20°N, 18°W - 42°E

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Eastern Atlantic: Portugal and Spain to Nouadhibou in Mauritania and Madeira, and throughout the Mediterranean and Black Sea. Isolated populations on coasts of England and the Netherlands (Ref. 5980). Previously, two subspecies were recognized in Russian waters: Atherina boyeri pontica (Eichwald, 1838) from the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov and Atherina boyeri caspia (Eichwald, 1838) from the Caspian Sea (Ref. 26334).

Lengte bij maturiteit / Grootte / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm 5.8, range 5 - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm TL mannelijk / geslacht onbekend; (Ref. 30578); max. gerapporteerde leeftijd: 4 Jaren (Ref. 59043)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 7 - 10; Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 8-16; Anale stekels 2; Anale zachte stralen: 10 - 18. Eye diameter wider than snout length (Ref. 35388).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (bv. epibenthic)

A very euryhaline species, where adults are frequently found in brackish waters and more sporadically in freshwater (Ref. 3788), preferring still or slow flowing waters in freshwater (Ref. 59043). They are found in lower parts of rivers, estuaries, coastal lakes and sea; pelagic in lakes (Ref. 59043). Adults occur in great schools. They are carnivorous, feeding on small crustaceans, worms, mollusks (Ref. 5980) and fish larvae (Ref. 35388) in lakes and estuaries, and on benthos in rivers (Ref. 59043). Can usually live 1 to 2 years, rarely up to 4 years. Some populations undergo spawning migrations into estuaries. Mature individuals are fractional spawners, larger individuals spawn for a longer period. Eggs are demersal, with long hairy appendages attaching them to the substrate consisting of filamentous algae, often at depths of 2 to 6 m. Larvae are pelagic often forming schools close to the shores (Ref. 59043).

Levenscyclus en paargedrag Maturiteit | Voortplanting | Paaien | Eieren | Fecunditeit | Larven

Hoofdreferentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator : Dyer, Brian S. | Medewerkers

Maugé, L.A., 1990. Atherinidae. p. 604-605. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 4499)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 125652)

  Niet bedreigd (LC) ; Date assessed: 01 January 2008

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaar voor de mens

  Harmless





Gebruik door de mens

Visserij: commercieel
FAO - visserij: aanvoer; Publication: search | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Meer informatie

Lokale namen
Synoniemen
Metabolisme
Predatoren
Ecotoxicologie
Voortplanting
Maturiteit
Paaien
Paaiaggregaties
Fecunditeit
Eieren
Ontwikkeling van de eieren
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Lengte-gewicht
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Lengtefrequenties
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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201): 13.9 - 21, mean 18.3 °C (based on 136 cells).
Fylogenetische diversiteitsindex (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.5312   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00575 (0.00479 - 0.00691), b=3.08 (3.02 - 3.14), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trofisch niveau (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.36 se; based on food items.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  Gemiddeld, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd 1,4-4,4 jaar (K=0.8; tm=1; tmax=4;).
Prior r = 0.57, 95% CL = 0.38 - 0.85, Based on 3 stock assessments.
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (34 of 100).
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):  Moderate vulnerability (44 of 100).
Prijsklasse (Ref. 80766):   High.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 177 [87, 389] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.42 [0.85, 2.66] mg/100g ; Protein = 20.2 [18.6, 21.7] % ; Omega3 = 0.503 [0.256, 0.989] g/100g ; Selenium = 25.4 [10.8, 56.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 33.4 [9.5, 115.6] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.46 [0.92, 2.40] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.