Myoxocephalus scorpius, Shorthorn sculpin : aquarium

Myoxocephalus scorpius (Linnaeus, 1758)

Shorthorn sculpin
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Myoxocephalus scorpius   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Myoxocephalus scorpius (Shorthorn sculpin)
Myoxocephalus scorpius
Male picture by Østergaard, T.

Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes(Gattung, Arten) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Perciformes/Cottoidei (Sculpins) > Cottidae (Sculpins)
Etymology: Myoxocephalus: Greek, myos = muscle, and also, mouse + Greek, kephale = head (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

seewasser; brackwasser demersal; tiefenbereich 0 - 451 m (Ref. 58496). Polar; 80°N - 40°N, 95°W - 60°E

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: south-eastern coasts of Greenland, Jan Mayen Island, Iceland to British Isles and southward to Bay of Biscay, also North Sea, Baltic Sea, Spitsbergen and southern part of Barents Sea (including White Sea). Western Atlantic: James Bay in Canada to New York, USA (Ref. 7251). Arctic Ocean.

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm 17.8, range 15 - 30 cm
Max length : 60.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 9925); common length : 24.0 cm SL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 4698); max. veröff. Alter: 18 Jahre (Ref. 122394)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Rückenflossenstacheln (insgesamt): 7 - 11; Rückenflossenweichstrahlen (insgesamt): 13-19; Afterflossenstacheln 0; Afterflossenweichstrahlen: 9 - 15; Wirbelzahl: 34 - 39. Caudal fin rounded. Greenish brown above, often with dark blotches and bright milky-white spots above pectoral fins; underside cherry red (males) or light orange (females) with white spots; fins with dark bands (Ref. 4698).

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Found on rocky bottoms with sand or mud, or among seaweeds (Ref. 4698). Benthic (Ref. 58426). Feeds on fishes, large crustaceans, occasionally polychaetes and amphipods (Ref. 4698). During the spawning season, the male's underside becomes deep red with white spots.

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Eggs are deposited in a clutch on the bottom and defended by the male. Larvae hatch after about 5 weeks.

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator | Partner

Fedorov, V.V., 1986. Cottidae. p. 1243-1260. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 3. (Ref. 4698)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 125652)


CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Harmless





Nutzung durch Menschen

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Internet Quellen

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | FishWatcher Einträge suchen | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Gattung, Arten | DiscoverLife | DORIS | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: Genom, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Nationale Datenbanken | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Öffentliche Aquarien | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Gehe zu, Suchen | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201): 0.4 - 10.3, mean 4.5 °C (based on 1225 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00871 (0.00720 - 0.01053), b=3.15 (3.09 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.9   ±0.0 se; based on diet studies.
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 120179):  mittel, Verdopplung der Population dauert 1,4 - 4,4 Jahre. (tm=2; Fec=2,742).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 118 [21, 374] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.584 [0.204, 1.682] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.8 [14.8, 20.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.951 [0.346, 2.977] g/100g ; Selenium = 29.2 [10.6, 85.9] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 5.76 [1.38, 24.84] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.761 [0.317, 1.475] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.