Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Scaridae
(Parrotfishes) > Sparisomatinae
Etymology: Sparisoma: Latin, sparus = a fish with a golden head + Greek, soma = body (Ref. 45335); tuiupiranga: From the Tupi for 'red parakeet', the native American language once spoken along the Brazilian coast, and refers to the splendid color of initial phase adults of this small parrotfish..
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 5 - 20 m (Ref. 52151). Subtropical; 17°S - 28°S
Southwestern Atlantic: from the state of Bahia (Abrolhos Archipelago National Marine Park to the state of Santa Catarina), Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 52151)
Found in shallow areas of tropical rocky reefs. Males establish territories (approximately 8 m2). Juveniles are strongly associated with seaweed beds, occasionally found mixed with Sparisoma radians and Cryptotomus roseus. This species is typically a scraper which grazes upon a large variety of epilithic algae (e.g. Jania, Gelidium, Polysiphonia, consequently ingesting a large quantity of sediment. It is however, very plastic in its feeding habits and is commonly observed browsing over Sargassum. Males and larger initial phase adult individuals perform up to 2400 bites daily with a mean gut turnover of about 2.5 guts day-1, having an important role on local energy flux (Ref. 52151).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Gasparini, J.L., J.-C. Joyeux and S.R. Floeter, 2003. Sparisoma tuiupiranga, a new species of parrotfish (Perciformes: Labroidei: Scaridae) from Brazil, with comments on the evolution of the genus. Zootaxa 384:1-14. (Ref. 52151)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 23.4 - 26.4, mean 25.8 °C (based on 67 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01585 (0.00926 - 0.02712), b=3.13 (2.98 - 3.28), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.0 ±0.00 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).