Somniosus cheni, Taiwan sleeper shark

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Somniosus cheni Hsu, Lin & Joung, 2020

Taiwan sleeper shark
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drawing shows typical species in Somniosidae.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Squaliformes (Sleeper and dogfish sharks) > Somniosidae (Sleeper sharks)
Etymology: Somniosus: Latin for sleepy, reflecting Lesueur’s surmise that these sharks are slow or sluggish because of their relatively small fins (hence the name sleeper sharks). (See ETYFish);  cheni: In honor of Wen-Jong Chen, Taitung Xin Gang District Fisherman’s Association, for contributions of chondrichthyan fish samples and research assistance with Taiwan and international research for over 30 years. (See ETYFish).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 500 - ? m (Ref. 123759). Subtropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Northwest Pacific: Taiwan.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 14.7 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 123759); 13.6 cm TL (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Vertebrae: 75 - 79. This species is distinguished from its congeners by the following set of characters: no anal fin; two spineless dorsal fins, first dorsal fin higher and larger than second dorsal fin; short lateral keels on the caudal peduncle, precaudal pits absent; caudal fin is asymmetrical and paddle-shaped, with a relatively short upper lobe and long lower lobe; rhomboid-shaped dermal denticles; teeth dissimilar in upper and lower jaws, upper-jaw teeth small with lanceolate, in 72 rows, lower-jaw teeth semioblique with low roots, in 28 rows; precaudal vertebrae 60-61, caudal vertebrae 15-18, total 75-78; number of turns in spiral valve 25-26 In mid-term embryo stage (12.8-15.0 cm TL); no teeth and dermal denticles; sexes identifiable; caudal keel present. Colouration: body light brown to yellow-grayish (Ref. 123759).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

This species was collected in canyons surrounded by deep-sea longliner off eastern Taiwan at a depth greater than 500 m (Ref. 123759).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Hsu, H.-H., C.-Y. Lin and S.-J. Joung, 2020. Somniosus (Rhinoscymnus) cheni sp. nov. A new species of sleeker shark (Squaliformes: Somniosidae) from Eastern Taiwan, with aspects of embryo biology. Zool. Stud. 59:48. (Ref. 123759)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)


CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Food consumption
Ration
Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
Recruitment
Abundance
BRUVS
References
Aquaculture
Aquaculture profile
Strains
Genetics
Allele frequencies
Heritability
Diseases
Processing
Nutrients
Mass conversion
Collaborators
Pictures
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sounds
Ciguatera
Speed
Swim. type
Gill area
Otoliths
Brains
Vision

Tools

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Internet sources

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: genus, species | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Go, Search | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = No PD50 data   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00407 (0.00176 - 0.00943), b=3.13 (2.94 - 3.32), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):   (0 of 100) .