Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Anguilliformes
(Eels and morays) > Serrivomeridae
Etymology: Serrivomer: Latin, serran, serranus, saw + Latin, vomer = ploughshare; in fishes = bone forming the front part of the roof of the mouth (1823) (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Gill & Ryder.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range - 6000 m (Ref. 117245), usually - m (Ref. ). Deep-water; 0°C - ; 82°N - 59°S, 179°W - 167°E
Atlantic Ocean: on both sides, between 60°N and 20°S (Ref. 5237); in the eastern Atlantic, reported to range further north to Iceland (Ref. 12462) and further south to off the Cape and Natal in South Africa (Ref. 5236). Indian Ocean: Reunion (Ref. 33390). Western Pacific: Australia (Ref. 7300).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 78.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5236)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Head, abdomen and tail brown to black or silvery (Ref. 5236). Snout beak-like (Ref. 13608).
Epibenthic-pelagic (Ref. 58426). Solitary (Ref. 5951); exhibits vertical migrations during the night. Feeds on shrimps, other crustaceans and small fishes (Ref. 6722). Minimum depth from Ref. 58018.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Saldanha, L. and E. Karmovskaya, 1990. Serrivomeridae. p. 169-171. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 5237)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 2.2 - 6.7, mean 3.8 °C (based on 2428 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5059 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00102 (0.00046 - 0.00225), b=3.06 (2.88 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.64 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Assuming tmax>10).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (44 of 100) .