Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes/Serranoidei
(Groupers) > Serranidae
(Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Serraninae
Etymology: Serranus: Latin, serran, serranus, saw and a fish of genus Serranus (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 12 - 396 m (Ref. 9710), usually 18 - 90 m (Ref. 7251). Tropical; 0°C -
Western Atlantic: southern Florida (USA), Bahamas, Honduras and Virgin Islands; probably widespread in Caribbean reef areas. Including Antilles (Ref. 26938).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710)
Found over rubble, silty or sandy bottoms (Ref. 9710). Often in small groups hovering over a patch of coral rubble or an old conch shell (Ref. 13442). Feeds on plankton (Ref. 9710). Synchronously hermaphroditic. Difficult to approach (Ref. 9710).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 23.3 - 28, mean 26.6 °C (based on 314 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00530 - 0.02373), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.2 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (12 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 121 [63, 267] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.09 [0.62, 1.84] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.9 [15.8, 19.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.181 [0.100, 0.324] g/100g ; Selenium = 26.2 [12.8, 52.3] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 167 [55, 544] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.75 [1.10, 2.72] mg/100g (wet weight);