Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes/Serranoidei
(Groupers) > Serranidae
(Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Serraninae
Etymology: Serranus: Latin, serran, serranus, saw and a fish of genus Serranus (Ref. 45335). More on author: Günther.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 10 - 70 m (Ref. 9710), usually ? - 30 m (Ref. 9710). Tropical; 32°N -
Western Atlantic: Bermuda and southern Florida, USA to northern South America.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 26340)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Inhabits rocky and reef areas. Occurs in pairs (Ref. 9710). Synchronously hermaphroditic.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 23.8 - 28, mean 26.7 °C (based on 148 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01096 (0.00518 - 0.02319), b=3.05 (2.88 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (13 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 143 [77, 326] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.856 [0.499, 1.497] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.4 [16.4, 20.3] % ; Omega3 = 0.186 [0.109, 0.322] g/100g ; Selenium = 27.8 [14.1, 54.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 131 [41, 421] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.74 [1.11, 2.64] mg/100g (wet weight);