Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Anguilliformes
(Eels and morays) > Ophichthidae
(Snake eels) > Myrophinae
Etymology: Scolecenchelys: Greek, skolex = worm (1855) + Greek, enchlys, -yos = eel (Ref. 45335); profundorum: From the Latin profundorum, meaning 'of the depths' (Ref. 13468) More on authors: McCosker & Parin.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range - 310 m (Ref. 13468), usually - m (Ref. ). Deep-water; 0°C -
Southeast Pacific: Endemic to Nazca Ridge.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 33.4 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 13468)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Vertebrae: 162. This species of the Scolecenchelys gymnota species group is distinguished by the following set of characters: head 8.7 % TL; tail 52 % TL; uniserial teeth on jaws and vomer; horizontal distance between dorsal-fin origin and a vertical through mid-anus 51 % HL; predorsal vertebrae 75, preanal 68, total 162 (Ref. 104540).
Minimum depth from Ref. 58018.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Hibino, Y. and S. Kimura, 2015. Revision of the Scolecenchelys gymnota species group with descriptions of two new species (Anguilliformes: Ophichthidae: Myrophinae). Ichthyol Res (Ref. 104540)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00076 (0.00029 - 0.00199), b=3.06 (2.84 - 3.28), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.7 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Assuming tmax>10).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .