Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Anguilliformes
(Eels and morays) > Ophichthidae
(Snake eels) > Myrophinae
Etymology: Scolecenchelys: Greek, skolex = worm (1855) + Greek, enchlys, -yos = eel (Ref. 45335); fuscogularis: Name from Latin 'fusco' for dark and 'gularis' for throat; in reference to the dark branchial basket of the new species.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 81 - 147 m (Ref. 92890). Temperate
Northwestern Pacific: Sea of Japan (off Kyoto Prefecture), the Pacific coast (off Mie Prefecture), and East China Sea.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 26.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 92890)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Vertebrae: 146 - 149. This species is distinguished by the following characters: small head (8.3-8.8% TL); slender body (depth 1.4-1.6% TL); median groove on ventral side of snout absent; teeth on jaws ad vomer uniserial; dorsal-fin origin posterior to a vertical through the anus, horizontal distance between the origin and the vertical line 83% HL; tail 52-53% TL; trunk 39% TL; vertebrae total 146-149, predorsal 70-72, preanal 63; MVF 71-63-148; lower jaw entirely dark, a patch of melanophores ventrally on branchial basket (Ref. 92890, 104540).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Hibino, Y. and S. Kimura, 2015. Revision of the Scolecenchelys gymnota species group with descriptions of two new species (Anguilliformes: Ophichthidae: Myrophinae). Ichthyol Res (Ref. 104540)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00076 (0.00029 - 0.00198), b=3.06 (2.83 - 3.29), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.7 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (19 of 100) .