Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Anguilliformes
(Eels and morays) > Ophichthidae
(Snake eels) > Myrophinae
Etymology: Scolecenchelys: Greek, skolex = worm (1855) + Greek, enchlys, -yos = eel (Ref. 45335). More on author: Macleay.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 0 - 50 m (Ref. 104540). Temperate
Southwest Pacific: restricted to southeastern coast of Australia, Tasmania, and New Zealand.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 33839)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Vertebrae: 145 - 156. This species of the Scolecenchelys gymnota species group is distinguished by the following set of characters: head 7.7-8.9 % TL (in large specimens, >18.0 cm TL); tail 55-58 % TL; trunk 34-36 % TL; horizontal distance between origin of dorsal-fin and a vertical through mid-anus 8.0-91 % HL; jaws and vomerine teeth in a single row, rarely biserial anteriorly and uniserial posteriorly; predorsal vertebrae 62-68, preanal 60-63 and total 145-156; MVF 65-61-151 (Ref. 104540).
A shallow species (< 50 m) found in among seagrass beds and rocky tidepools (Ref. 104540). Lives in groups of many individuals. Feeds on small bottom-dwelling invertebrates (Ref. 33839).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Hibino, Y. and S. Kimura, 2015. Revision of the Scolecenchelys gymnota species group with descriptions of two new species (Anguilliformes: Ophichthidae: Myrophinae). Ichthyol Res (Ref. 104540)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 14.8 - 23.3, mean 17.4 °C (based on 144 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00076 (0.00029 - 0.00198), b=3.06 (2.83 - 3.29), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.0 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 65 [37, 119] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.364 [0.233, 0.581] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.2 [17.0, 21.5] % ; Omega3 = 0.568 [0.279, 1.335] g/100g ; Selenium = 23.8 [12.5, 49.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 7.02 [1.92, 24.31] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.617 [0.442, 0.861] mg/100g (wet weight);