Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Holocentriformes
(Squirrelfishes, soldierfishes) > Holocentridae
(Squirrelfishes, soldierfishes) > Holocentrinae
Etymology: Sargocentron: Greek, sargos = sargus + Greek, kentron = sting (Ref. 45335); marisrubri: From the Latin translation of 'Red Sea'..
More on authors: Randall, Golani & Diamant.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 39 - 350 m (Ref. 58488). Tropical
Western Indian Ocean: known only from two localities, Egypt (Gulf of Elat = Gulf of Aqaba), and Sudan.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 18.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3079)
soft rays: 8 - 9. Sudan fish with light red body, silvery iridescence dorsally, pinkish silvery white ventrally, with faint alternating silvery white and light red stripes following the scale rows; Gulf of Aqaba fish golden yellow body, dorsal scales edged with orange-red; with broad pale yellow stripes following centers of scale rows; 5 oblique scale rows on cheek; body depth 2.7-2.95 in SL; head length (HL) 2.5-2.75 in SL; snout length 3.4-3.95 in HL; interorbital width 7.75-5.7 in HL; slender caudal peduncle, depth 3.9-4.65 in HL; mouth terminal; maxilla extending from below center of the eye to nearly vertical at rear edge of the pupil; upper jaw length 2.15-2.3 in HL; surface or medial edge of nasal bone spineless; moderately large nasal fossa spineless or with 1or 2 spinules on margin; side of first suborbital bone beneath the anterior part of orbit without lateral or retrorse spine, however, the low ridge has occasional, indistinct, recumbent serrae continuing along the upper edge of suborbital series; preopercular spine 3.55-5.0 in HL; longest dorsal spines 2.0-2.3 in HL; 3rd anal spine 1.35-1.44 in HL (Ref. 27370).
Found in reefs in small aggregations.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Randall, J.E., 1998. Revision of the Indo-Pacific squirrelfishes (Beryciformes: Holocentridae: Holocentrinae) of the genus Sargocentron, with descriptions of four new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (27):105 p. (Ref. 27370)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 21.3 - 25.8, mean 23.2 °C (based on 21 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01660 (0.00810 - 0.03401), b=2.97 (2.80 - 3.14), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (12 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .