Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Pleuronectiformes
(Flatfishes) > Samaridae
Etymology: spinea: Named for its caudal peduncle spines, a character found only in this species and Samaris chesterfieldensis..
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-neritic; depth range 44 - 88 m (Ref. 83388). Tropical
Western Pacific: New Caledonia, Bellona Plateau, Fairway Ridge and Chesterfield Plateau.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 83388)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 46 - 54. This species is characterized by the following: caudal peduncle with 2-5 spines along both dorsal and ventral margins; caudal fin rays bifurcated except upper- and lowermost 2 simple rays; comparatively deep body, depth 2.41-2.78 in SL (Ref. 83388).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Mihara, E. and K. Amaoka, 2004. Pleuronectiform fishes from New Caledonian waters. Five species of the samarid genera Plagiopsetta and Samaris (Samaridae). in Marshall, B. & Richer de Forges, B. (eds), Tropical Deep-Sea Benthos, volume 23. Mémoires du Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle 191:611-635. (Ref. 83388)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 23.8 - 25.3, mean 24.2 °C (based on 6 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01585 (0.00585 - 0.04297), b=2.94 (2.71 - 3.17), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).