Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Osmeriformes
(Freshwater smelts) > Salangidae
(Icefishes or noodlefishes)
Etymology: Salanx: Latinization of Philippines, salamga, French salangana = the name of a kind of swallow (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; freshwater; brackish; demersal; anadromous (Ref. 51243); depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Temperate; 0°C -
Northwest Pacific: temperate coast of China (Ref. 4537). Reported from Viet Nam (Ref. 44416).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 16.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 33336); common length : 13.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 35840)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 26 - 29. Slim and long body, straight in the back and stomach. Head looks like a triangle from the top. Smooth body without scale, only male has a line of thin scales (around 18) near the origin of the caudal fin. A line of black spots located along the side of the stomach, starting from the origin of the pectoral fin till the origin of the caudal fin. White opaque body (Ref. 33336).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M., 2001. Freshwater fishes of northern Vietnam. A preliminary check-list of the fishes known or expected to occur in northern Vietnam with comments on systematics and nomenclature. Environment and Social Development Unit, East Asia and Pacific Region. The World Bank. 123 p. (Ref. 44416)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00214 (0.00097 - 0.00473), b=3.12 (2.93 - 3.31), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.28 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .