Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Leuciscidae
(Minnows) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Rutilus: Latin, rutilus = reddish (Ref. 45335). More on author: Heckel.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Temperate; 5°C - 20°C (Ref. 12468); 49°N - 47°N, 12°E - 14°E
Europe: Austrian subalpine Lakes Attersee, Mondsee and Wolfgangsee; a small population in Austrian stretch of Danube. Extirpated in Lakes Traunsee in Austria and Chiemsee in Germany. Rutilus populations of uncertain identity from upper Tisza system (Slovakia, Hungary) might belong to this species.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 70.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 556); max. published weight: 5.0 kg (Ref. 556)
Differs from its congeners in Danube drainage by having the following unique characters: almost cylindrical body, 62-67 + 3-4 scales along the lateral line, abdomen posterior to pelvics rounded, in breeding males large, scattered tubercles on top and side of head. Other characters useful to distinguish this species include the following combination of characters: rounded and stout snout, subterminal mouth, grey or slightly yellowish iris and fins, and 8-9 ½ branched dorsal rays (Ref. 59043).
Occurs in subalpine lakes. Preys on benthic invertebrates. Breeds in lake tributaries or streams connecting lakes in shallow areas with current and near shore. Has been extirpated since 1980 from two of five lakes it originally inhabited (Ref. 59043).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Endangered (EN) (B1ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v)+2ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v)); Date assessed: 01 January 2008
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5020 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00776 (0.00374 - 0.01613), b=3.13 (2.96 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.50 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (68 of 100) .