Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; amphidromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 15 - 95 m (Ref. 3476). Tropical
Indo-West Pacific: Broome (Australia), the Arafura Sea (Ref. 9819) and northwards. Also known from southern Japan (Ref. 559), Papua New Guinea (Ref. 6192), Philippines and Taiwan (Ref. 7087) and India (Ref. 45255).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 17.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3132)
Found on sand or mud bottoms of the continental shelf at a depth range of 15-95 m (Ref. 3476).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Protandry was proposed for this species but without histological details (Ref. 103751).
Allen, G.R. and R. Swainston, 1988. The marine fishes of north-western Australia: a field guide for anglers and divers. Western Australian Museum, Perth. 201 p. (Ref. 3132)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 23.2 - 28.6, mean 27.5 °C (based on 688 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5078 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00513 (0.00240 - 0.01095), b=3.05 (2.86 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).