Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Pleuronectiformes
(Flatfishes) > Paralichthyidae
Etymology: Pseudorhombus: Greek, pseudes = false + Greek, rhombos = paralelogram (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 60 - 260 m (Ref. 4417), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Western Indian Ocean: known only from Natal, South Africa and southwest India, but probably more widely distributed.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 26.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55634); max. published weight: 175.00 g (Ref. 55634)
Inhabits sandy and muddy bottoms.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Distinct pairing (Ref. 205).
Nielsen, J.G., 1984. Bothidae. In W. Fischer and G. Bianchi (eds.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean fishing area 51. Vol. 1. FAO, Rome. pag. var. (Ref. 3322)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 18.1 - 24.6, mean 21.1 °C (based on 28 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00661 (0.00404 - 0.01081), b=3.03 (2.89 - 3.17), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 208 [108, 457] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.85 [0.50, 1.55] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.3 [15.2, 19.3] % ; Omega3 = 0.194 [0.097, 0.377] g/100g ; Selenium = 57.5 [27.1, 133.5] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 17 [5, 63] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.921 [0.607, 1.393] mg/100g (wet weight);