Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Syngnathiformes
(Pipefishes and seahorses) > Syngnathidae
(Pipefishes and seahorses) > Syngnathinae
Etymology: Pseudophallus: Greek, pseudes = false + Greek, phallus = phallus (Ref. 45335).
More on authors: Meek & Hildebrand.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical; 26°C - 31°C (Ref. 36880)
Central America: Jiménez, Costa Rica to Rio Chico, Panama.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 9.5, range 9 - 10 cm
Max length : 18.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 79722)
Recorded from rivers and coastal creeks of low to moderate current velocity. Generally occurs near shorelines among grasses or undergrowth. Sometimes found in tidelands near stream outlets; in rivers it reaches 20 m elevation. Food consists of small aquatic insects (Ref. 36880). Probably reaching 19-20 cm SL. Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205). The male carries the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail (Ref. 205). Males may be brooding at 9-10 cm SL.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Male carries the eggs in a brood pouch (Ref. 205).
Dawson, C.E., 1985. Indo-Pacific pipefishes (Red Sea to the Americas). The Gulf Coast Research Laboratory Ocean Springs, Mississippi, USA. (Ref. 5316)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00036 (0.00016 - 0.00084), b=3.18 (2.99 - 3.37), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (13 of 100).