Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Characidae
(Characins; tetras) > Stethaprioninae
Etymology: Psalidodon: Greek, psalis, -idos = scissors + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335). More on author: Cuvier.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; potamodromous (Ref. 51243). Subtropical; 20°C - 25°C (Ref. 2059)
South America: most freshwater basins from Mexico to Argentina.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 8.4  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 17.1 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 101561); common length : 12.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 56003); max. published weight: 69.70 g (Ref. 79585)
Inhabits streams and rivers without strong currents (Ref. 26543) and lentic areas (Ref. 1129). Vivacious, eats small fish and will bite pieces of meat (Ref. 5518). Sometimes used as table fish; flesh of good flavor but with lots of fish bones.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Galvis, G., J.I. Mojica and M. Camargo, 1997. Peces del Catatumbo. Asociación Cravo Norte, Santafé de Bogotá, D.C., 188 p. (Ref. 26543)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01413 (0.01181 - 0.01689), b=3.05 (3.01 - 3.09), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.3 se; based on diet studies.
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (20 of 100) .