Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Characidae
(Characins; tetras) > Stethaprioninae
Etymology: Psalidodon: Greek, psalis, -idos = scissors + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Subtropical; 0°C -
South America: rio San Franciso basin in Argentina.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Morphology | Morphometrics
Distinguished from other species of the genus by the following combination of characters: one maxillary tooth with 2 to 4 cusps; teeth of inner premaxillary row expanded distally, deep dentary bearing 7 teeth decreasing in size anteroposteriorly; males with hooks in all fins; 35-39 perforated scales in lateral series; iii-iv, 19-24 anal fin rays; and one humeral spot vertically elongated, a second lateral spot may be faint or well developed (Ref. 55793).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Terán, G.E., M.F. Benitez and J.M. Mirande, 2020. Opening the Trojan house: phylogeny of Astyanax, two genera and resurrection of Psalidodon (Teleostei: Characidae). Zool. J. Lin. Soc. 190(4):1217-1234. (Ref. 123753)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01549 (0.00660 - 0.03634), b=3.06 (2.88 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .