Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Characidae
(Characins; tetras) > Stethaprioninae
Etymology: Psalidodon: Greek, psalis, -idos = scissors + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335); bifasciatus: From the Latin 'bis', meaning double, and 'fascia', meaning stripe; transverse bars crossing other bars, in reference to the two vertical dark brown bars crossing humeral region.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
South America: Iguaçu basin in Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 85756)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 19 - 24. This species is distinguished from its congeners from the Iguaçu basin by the combination of the following characters: infraorbital 3 deep, but not in contact with preopercle, leaving a narrow naked area between border and preopercle; premaxillary external series with 4 (rarely 5) pentacuspid teeth; non-symphysial teeth in premaxillary internal series heptacuspid; vertical humeral bar with dorsal portion much wider than ventral portion; a faint and diffuse 'post-humeral' spot; lateral line scales 36-40, usually 37 or 38; first branchial arch with 7-9, usually 8, rakers in upper branch and 10-13, usually 12, rakers in lower branch (Ref. 85756).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Terán, G.E., M.F. Benitez and J.M. Mirande, 2020. Opening the Trojan house: phylogeny of Astyanax, two genera and resurrection of Psalidodon (Teleostei: Characidae). Zool. J. Lin. Soc. 190(4):1217-1234. (Ref. 123753)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02089 (0.01243 - 0.03511), b=2.95 (2.81 - 3.09), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .