Prognathodes geminus, Twin butterflyfish

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Prognathodes geminus Copus, Pyle, Greene & Randall 2019

Twin butterflyfish
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Prognathodes geminus
Picture by Pyle, R.L.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Acanthuriformes (Surgeonfishes) > Chaetodontidae (Butterflyfishes)
Etymology: Prognathodes: Greek, pro = first, in front of + Greek, gnathos = jaw (Ref. 45335);  geminus: Name from Latin adjective for 'twin'; referring to its similarity in color to P. basabei from the Hawaiian Islands.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; demersal; depth range 110 - 150 m (Ref. 120553).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Central Pacific: Caroline Is., Palau I.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 120553)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 13; Dorsal soft rays (total): 17-19; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 15; Vertebrae: 24. This species is distinguished by the following set of characters: D XIII, 17-19; A III,15; head 2.48-2.49 in SL; body depth 1.71-1.76 in SL; length of pelvic-fin spine 4.18-4.46 in SL. Colour of body white with three broad dark brown bands, the first intersecting the eye (Ref. 120553).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs in association with limestone outcroppings on steep slopes and the type specimens were collected in an area with broken limestone rubble (Ref. 120553). FishBase common name coined by authors.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Copus, J.M., R.L. Pyle, B.D. Green and J.E. Randall, 2019. Prognathodes geminus, a new species of butterflyfish (Teleostei, Chaetodontidae) from Palau. ZooKeys 835:125-137. (Ref. 120553)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)


CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
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Ecology
Diet
Food items
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Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
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Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
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Ciguatera
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Otoliths
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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = No PD50 data   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02188 (0.01082 - 0.04423), b=3.01 (2.84 - 3.18), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .