Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Priacanthidae
(Bigeyes or catalufas)
Etymology: Priacanthus: Greek, prion = saw + Greek, akantha = thorn (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 150 - 400 m (Ref. 5403). Deep-water
Western Pacific: southern Japan to northwestern Australia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 18.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5403)
soft rays: 13 - 14. Medium-sized fish. The body is oval; dorsal fin continuous; eyes very large; mouth large and oblique, with the lower jaw projecting upwards. The head and body silvery red or pink; iris of eyes red. The fins are creamy pink; the last 4-5 soft rays of the dorsal and anal fins are clearly white. This species resembles P. macracanthus with a long and narrow preopercular spine, but has less body depth, a narrower caudal peduncle, and fainter yellowish spots on its dorsal, anal and pelvic fins.
A deeper water species trawled from relatively open bottoms at depths of 150 to over 400 m.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Starnes, W.C., 1988. Revision, phylogeny and biogeographic comments on the circumtropical marine percoid fish family Priacanthidae. Bull. Mar. Sci. 43(2):117-203. (Ref. 5403)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 12.2 - 20.6, mean 14.8 °C (based on 141 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5002 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01738 (0.00744 - 0.04060), b=2.91 (2.72 - 3.10), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .