Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Stomiiformes
(Lightfishes and dragonfishes) > Sternoptychidae
(Marine hatchetfishes) > Sternoptychinae
Etymology: Polyipnus: Greek, poly = a lot of + Greek, ipnos = lanterns.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 0 - 575 m (Ref. 26382). Deep-water
Southeast Pacific: in the vicinity of Sala y Gomez Submarine Ridge.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 26382)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 16. Three equidimensional spiny rays present on the posttemporal spine. In front of the dorsal fin is a long, pigmented protuberance, reaching to the median line of the body. Photophores in the anal series few, 8-9. A wide gap equal to the length of the group of subcaudal photophores present between the anal and subcaudal photophores. Spiny scales absent on preanal, anal and subcaudal photophores. Trunk relatively deep body; caudal peduncle narrow (Ref. 26037).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Harold, A.S., 1994. A taxonomic revision of the sternoptychid genus Polyipnus (Teleostei: Stomiiformes) with an analysis of phylogenetic relationships. Bull. Mar. Sci. 54(2):428-534. (Ref. 26382)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 11.6 - 15.2, mean 12.7 °C (based on 15 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01622 (0.00649 - 0.04054), b=3.06 (2.84 - 3.28), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (20 of 100) .