Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Haemulidae
(Grunts) > Plectorhinchinae
Etymology: Plectorhinchus: Greek, plektos = plaited + Greek, rhyngchos = snout (Ref. 45335). More on author: Bleeker.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 6 - 70 m (Ref. 90102), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Western Pacific: Singapore and the Philippines to the Solomon Islands, north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to the Great Barrier Reef and New Caledonia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 41.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 37816)
soft rays: 7 - 8. This species is distinguished by the following characters: chin with 6 pores, no median pit; gill rakers on first gill arch 9-12 + 1 + 18-21 = 28-33; D XIII,18-21, 3rd-5th spines longest; lips fleshy, moderately swollen with age; scales ctenoid (rough to touch); lateral line tubed scales about 53-58; body depth 2.7-2.8 in SL; caudal rounded or lanceolate in juveniles, becoming truncate or emarginate in adults. Colour of body and head bright blue-green to sky blue with 5 to 7 bright yellow longitudinal bands often separated by thinner yellow bands or lines of spots; fins bright yellow to orange; juveniles similar to adults, but with fewer bands (Ref. 47695, 90102).
In coastal reef slopes, inner reefs and deep lagoon (Ref. 48635). Prefers sheltered reefs and during the day either solitary or in large inactive aggregations (Ref. 34765).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Myers, R.F., 1999. Micronesian reef fishes. A comprehensive guide to the coral reef fishes of Micronesia. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 216 p. (Ref. 34765)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.7 - 29, mean 28.1 °C (based on 842 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01413 (0.00689 - 0.02895), b=3.00 (2.83 - 3.17), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.50 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (49 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 44 [26, 77] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.555 [0.331, 0.917] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.4 [17.5, 21.4] % ; Omega3 = 0.138 [0.077, 0.216] g/100g ; Selenium = 37.3 [21.6, 59.5] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 77.2 [31.9, 176.7] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.14 [0.69, 1.63] mg/100g (wet weight);