Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Gadiformes
(Cods) > Moridae
Etymology: Physiculus: Diminutive of Greek, physa = tube. More on author: Poey.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 260 - 365 m (Ref. 47377), usually - m (Ref. ). Deep-water; 0°C -
Western Atlantic: Caribbean to southern Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 22.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 88029)
A specimen measuring 33 cm TL was caught in Bahia, Brazil in Dec. 2009 (see photo by Teodoro Vaske Júnior).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba, 1990. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(10). Rome: FAO. 442 p. (Ref. 1371)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 4.6 - 9.4, mean 6.3 °C (based on 181 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00398 (0.00205 - 0.00773), b=3.10 (2.92 - 3.28), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (42 of 100) .