Photonectes banshee, Banshee dragonfish

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Photonectes banshee Koeda & Ho, 2019

Banshee dragonfish
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Stomiiformes (Lightfishes and dragonfishes) > Stomiidae (Barbeled dragonfishes) > Melanostomiinae
Etymology: Photonectes: Greek, photos = light + Greek, nekton = swimmer (Ref. 45335);  banshee: Named for the female spirit in Irish mythology meaning 'keening fairy or female' in Old Irish; referring to the series of blue luminous tissue on ventral side of the body of the specimens that resemble the tears of the keening fairy..

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; pelagic-oceanic; depth range ? - 100 m (Ref. 120441). Subtropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Northwest Pacific: SW Taiwan.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 120441)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 19-20; Anal soft rays: 22 - 23. This species is distinguished by the following set of characters: dorsal- and anal-fin rays not covered with black fleshy skin; no pectoral fins; pelvic fins inserted closer to the caudal fin than snout; IV photophores 31; and IP photophores begin halfway along the isthmus length. Within the subgenus Photonectes, it differs from its congeners by having the following characters: D 19-20; A 22-23; body slender, its maximum depth 8.6-12.0% SL; gill filaments of first branchial arch normal, not extending beyond opercular opening; barbel short, its length 35.5-54.9% HL; stem of barbel without discernible secondary light organs; barbel ends in leaf-like flap with single terminal filament; IV 31 (IP 6 + PV 25); VAV 10; AC 14; BR 9; OA 30 (OV 21 + VAL 9); no white luminous tissue on posterodorsal opercle; blue luminous tissue in short vertical streak between PV photophores, not forming longitudinal stripe; longitudinal series of blue luminous tissue in short bars from sides of isthmus to below 7th OV photophore; blue luminous tissue also present under lower jaw, and in area posterior to gill-opening; no blue luminous tissue above end of maxillary (Ref. 120441).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Specimens were collected in the upper 100 m by a mid-water trawl targeting the Sakura-shrimp Lucensosergia lucens (Ref. 120441).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Koeda, K. and H.-C. Ho, 2019. Photonectes banshee, a new species of the subgenus Photonectes (Stomiiformes: Stomiidae: Melanostomiinae) from Taiwan. Zootaxa 4586(1):180-186. (Ref. 120441)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)


CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

More information

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Ecology
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Common names
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Internet sources

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: genus, species | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Go, Search | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = No PD50 data   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00309 (0.00120 - 0.00797), b=3.12 (2.89 - 3.35), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.8   ±0.7 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):   (0 of 100) .