Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Gobiiformes
(Gobies) > Oxudercidae
(Mudskippers) > Periophthalminae
Etymology: Periophthalmus: Greek, peri = around + Greek, ophthalmos = eye (Ref. 45335). More on author: Hamilton.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; demersal; amphidromous (Ref. 51243); depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Indian Ocean: India.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4833)
(total): 9 - 11;
soft rays: 12 - 13. This is a sexually dimorphic species, with males possessing greatly elongate first spine of first dorsal fin, reaching eighth element of second dorsal fin when appressed; when preserved first dorsal fin brown or black with white distal edge, no spots; margin of first dorsal fin concave in males while concave to straight in females; second dorsal fin with two black bands, broader one located inframarginally and the other located medially, black spots basally on membrane between dorsal fin elements; pelvic fin with prominent frenum and inner rays fused for more than half of length. D1 modally IX; D2 modally I,12; A modally I,13; caudal fin rays modally 15 segmented rays, with first and last two rays unbranched; 62-67 lateral scale rows; 18-24 predorsal scales (Ref. 83659).
An intertidal and amphibious air-breather that actively shuttles back and forth between rock pools and air (Ref. 31184).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Murdy, E.O., 1989. A taxonomic revision and cladistic analysis of the oxudercine gobies (Gobiidae: Oxudercinae). Rec. Aust. Mus., Suppl. 11:1-93. (Ref. 5218)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 27.6 - 29.4, mean 28.6 °C (based on 192 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01047 (0.00493 - 0.02225), b=2.99 (2.81 - 3.17), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (13 of 100) .