Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes/Notothenioidei
() > Nototheniidae
(Cod icefishes) > Nototheniinae
Etymology: Patagonotothen: Composed from Patagonia, the Argentinian province + Greek,noton = back + Greek, adverbial particle, then, that denotes distance or removal (Ref. 45335). More on author: Norman.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 30 - 160 m (Ref. 43705). Temperate; 49°S - 56°S
Southwest Atlantic: Patagonian region of Argentina, around the Falkland Islands, and Burdwood Bank.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 23.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 43705)
May be found at depths greater than 250 m in the Patagonian region (Ref. 5179).
Mature females may spawn for the first time from around 3-4 years of age (Ref. 71843).
Dewitt, H.H., P.C. Heemstra and O. Gon, 1990. Nototheniidae. p. 279-331. In O. Gon and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Fishes of the Southern Ocean. J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, South Africa. (Ref. 5179)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 5.4 - 8.3, mean 6.1 °C (based on 22 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00692 (0.00320 - 0.01497), b=3.17 (2.99 - 3.35), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Generation time: 5.0 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K = 0.22; Fec = 10,000-28,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (34 of 100) .