Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Myliobatiformes
(Stingrays) > Dasyatidae
(Stingrays) > Hypolophinae
Etymology: Pastinachus: Latin, pastinaca = a sting ray (Ref. 45335). More on author: Macleay.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; reef-associated; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Indo-West Pacific: Madagascar, Western Australia, Philippines, Indonesia and Malaysia (Ref. 84289) and Papua New Guinea (Ref. 85815).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 200 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. 114953)
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Last, P.R., G.J.P Naylor and B.M. Manjaji-Matsumoto, 2016. A revised classification of the family Dasyatidae (Chondrichthyes: Myliobatiformes) based on new morphological and molecular insights. Zootaxa 4139(3):345-368. (Ref. 109651)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Very high vulnerability (90 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 13.3 [1.6, 71.8] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.506 [0.087, 1.961] mg/100g ; Protein = 20.5 [17.7, 23.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.163 [0.050, 0.502] g/100g ; Selenium = 34.9 [7.6, 148.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 29.5 [5.5, 155.1] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.896 [0.228, 3.525] mg/100g (wet weight);