Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Mulliformes
(Goatfishes) > Mullidae
Etymology: Parupeneus: Latin, parum, parvum = small + Peneus, the name of a river. More on authors: Smith & Smith.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 12 - 15 m (Ref. 82838). Tropical
Western Indian Ocean: Gul fof Aqaba, Bahrain, Seychelles and Tanzania.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 23.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 82838)
Morphology | Morphometrics
This species is characterized by the following: 16 pectoral-fin rays; gill rakers 6 + 18-21; body depth 3.1-3.5 in SL; head length 3.0-3.15 in SL; snout length 1.8-1.95 in HL; interorbital space convex length of barbels 1.2-1.35 in HL; depth of maxilla 5.2- 5.5 in HL; longest dorsal spine 1.6-1.75 in HL; pectoral fin length 1.25-1.35 in HL; pelvic-fin length 1.35-1.5 in HL; alcohol-preserved color tan, with an indistinct midlateral yellowish brown stripe on body, beginning as broad as eye above pectoral-fin base, narrowing posteriorly, then broadening on caudal peduncle (stripe not present in life); noteworthy is the striped pattern dorsally on the body from a red spot on each scale of the first three longitudinal scale rows (Ref. 82838).
Collected from an isolated patch of rock and coral, with sponges and much sand (Ref. 82838).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Randall, J.E. and E. Heemstra, 2009. Three new goatfishes of the genus Parupeneus from the Western Indian Ocean, with resurrection of P. seychellensis. Smithiana Bulletin 10:37-50. (Ref. 82838)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 26.9 - 29, mean 27.7 °C (based on 233 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01202 (0.00551 - 0.02625), b=3.09 (2.92 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100) .