Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Mulliformes
(Goatfishes) > Mullidae
Etymology: Parupeneus: Latin, parum, parvum = small + Peneus, the name of a river; minys: Name from the Greek word for small, referring to its very small adult size for this genus. More on authors: Randall & Heemstra.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 43 - 55 m (Ref. 82838), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Western Indian Ocean: Mozambique, Seychelles and India.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.7 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 82838); 8.4 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 7;
Vertebrae: 24. This species is distinguished by the following characters: pectoral-fin rays 15-16; gill rakers 6 + 21-22; elongated body, depth 3.95-4.3 in SL; head length 2.9-3.05 in SL; interorbital space flat medially; snout length 2.05-2.3 in HL; posterior edge of maxilla symmetrically convex with maximum depth of maxilla 5.45-5.8 in HL; barbel length 1.35-1.45 in HL; the longest dorsal spine 1.8-1.95 in HL; pectoral fins 1.3-1.4 in HL; pelvic fins 1.5-1.65 in HL; colour of alcohol preserved specimens uniform tan except those from the Seychelles with areas of white ventrally on head below eye and on lower two/fifths of body; dark markings absent; translucent fins pale yellowish. Colour when fresh, pink dorsally, pale pink to white ventrally, with an indistinct pale yellow stripe along lateral line; some lateral-line scales with a bluish white dash; a bluish white line encircling ventral part of eye and continuing obliquely to upper lip; 3 small bluish white blotches dorsally on head, one directly above eye; barbels white; median and pelvic fins translucent blotchy yellow with small pale blue to whitish spots along rays that outline faint transverse yellowish bands (Ref. 82838).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Randall, J.E. and E. Heemstra, 2009. Three new goatfishes of the genus Parupeneus from the Western Indian Ocean, with resurrection of P. seychellensis. Smithiana Bulletin 10:37-50. (Ref. 82838)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 25.5 - 26.1, mean 26.1 °C (based on 3 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01202 (0.00556 - 0.02601), b=3.10 (2.93 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .