Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Mulliformes
(Goatfishes) > Mullidae
Etymology: Parupeneus: Latin, parum, parvum = small + Peneus, the name of a river; diagonalis: Named for the oblique dark stripe on the body which is the most conspicuous color feature of the species. More on author: Randall.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 16 - 100 m (Ref. 54393), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
Western Indian Ocean, Réunion and Mauritius.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 16.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 54393)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 7. Distinguished by having the following characters: 15-16 pectoral fin rays; gill rakers 6-7 + 23-24 = 29-31; body depth 3.25-3.7 in SL; head length 2.8-2.85 in SL; snout length 1.7-2.1 in HL; barbels 1.35-1.55 in HL; dorsal spine, longest 1.75-1.85 in HL; penultimate dorsal ray 1.05-1.2 length of last dorsal ray; pectoral fin length 1.2-1.35 in HL; pelvic fin length 1.3-1.35 in HL; pink with a band (black or deep red) from upper end of gill opening to below rear base of second dorsal fin; base of second dorsal fin with a broad black band (Ref. 54393).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Randall, J.E., 2004. Revision of the goatfish genus Parupeneus (Perciformes: Mullidae), with descriptions of two new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (36):64 p. (Ref. 54393)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
CountriesFAO areasEcosystemsOccurrencesIntroductionsStocksEcologyDietFood itemsFood consumptionRation
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 23.6 - 27.8, mean 26 °C (based on 4 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01202 (0.00556 - 0.02601), b=3.10 (2.93 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (23 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 64.5 [31.0, 151.3] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.389 [0.202, 0.838] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.2 [15.0, 21.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.144 [0.077, 0.265] g/100g ; Selenium = 50.3 [21.7, 117.3] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 363 [57, 1,425] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.685 [0.408, 1.378] mg/100g (wet weight);