Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Mulliformes
(Goatfishes) > Mullidae
Etymology: Parupeneus: Latin, parum, parvum = small + Peneus, the name of a river; angulatus: Name from Latin angulus, referring to the obtusely angular posterior edge of the maxilla. More on authors: Randall & Heemstra.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range ? - 57 m (Ref. 82838). Tropical
Western Indian Ocean: Seychelles.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 14.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 82838)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Vertebrae: 24. This species is characterized by the following features: pectoral-fin rays 15-16; gill rakers 6 + 20; elongate body with depth 3.75-3.8 in SL; head length 3.0 in SL; interorbital space flat medially; snout length 2.0 in HL; posterior end of maxilla symmetrical, but angular, forming an angle of about 135°; depth of maxilla 4.6-4.8 in HL; barbel length 1.35-1.4 in HL; longest dorsal spine 1.55-1.75 in HL; pectoral fins 1.45-1.55 in HL; pelvic fins 1.6 in HL; colour of alcohol preserved specimen uniform light brown, the caudal fin light brown, grading to pale yellowish distally, and remaining fins pale yellowish (Ref. 82838).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Randall, J.E. and E. Heemstra, 2009. Three new goatfishes of the genus Parupeneus from the Western Indian Ocean, with resurrection of P. seychellensis. Smithiana Bulletin 10:37-50. (Ref. 82838)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01202 (0.00551 - 0.02625), b=3.09 (2.92 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (21 of 100) .