Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 3 - 100 m (Ref. 9563). Temperate; 26°S - 45°S, 112°E - 150°E
Eastern Indian Ocean: southern Australia, from southern Western Australia to Victoria, including Tasmania.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 22.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 26068)
Occurs on the continental shelf (Ref. 9563), over sand and seagrass (Ref. 26068).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Iwatsuki, Y., J.J. Pogonoski and P. Last, 2012. Revision of the genus Parequula (Pisces: Gerreidae) with a new species from southwestern Australia. Zootaxa 3425:42-54. (Ref. 93115)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 14.7 - 20.1, mean 17.2 °C (based on 222 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01445 (0.00653 - 0.03199), b=3.02 (2.84 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.2 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (22 of 100) .