Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Aulopiformes
(Grinners) > Paraulopidae
Etymology: Paraulopus: Paraulopus refers to a taxon related to Aulopus, both being included in the Aulopiformes..
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range - 478 m (Ref. 46206), usually - m (Ref. ). Deep-water; 0°C -
Southwest Pacific: north of New Zealand.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 9 - 11. This species is characterized by the following: A 9-11, rarely 9; pectoral fin rays 16-17; black-and-white-patterned dorsal and caudal fins; side of the body of adults with small brown blotches midlaterally and a smaller brownish saddle behind the adipose fin; interior of the mouth entirely pale (Ref. 86263).
Minimum depth from Ref. 58018.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.), 2003. Catalog of fishes. Updated database version of March 2003. Catalog databases as made available to FishBase in March 2003. (Ref. 46206)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 12.2 - 16, mean 13 °C (based on 6 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (12 of 100) .